Dyslexia is one of several Specific learning disorders. Specific learning disorders are neurodevelopmental disorders often diagnosed during early elementary school but are at times not identified until later in school and sometimes not until adulthood. They are characterized by persistent impairment in at least one of three major areas: reading, written expression, and/or math. 

Dyslexia is a specific learning disorder of reading which is characterized by problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Dyslexia also impacts the areas of the brain that process language.

Severity varies, but the condition often becomes apparent as a child starts learning to read.

Before school

Signs that a young child may be at risk of dyslexia include:

School age

Once your child is in school, dyslexia signs and symptoms may become more apparent, including:

Teens and adults

Dyslexia signs in teens and adults are similar to those in children. Some common dyslexia signs and symptoms in teens and adults include:

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2017, July 22). Dyslexia. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved January 27, 2022, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dyslexia/symptoms-causes/syc-20353552#:~:text=Dyslexia%20is%20a%20learning%20disorder,the%20brain%20that%20process%20language.